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간호대학생의 우울과 불안에 대한 비약물적 중재 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석

Effects of Non-pharmacological Interventions on Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms among Nursing Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

군진간호연구 2021년 39권 3호 p.1 ~ 30
KMID : 1164520210390030001
이미정 ( Lee Mi-Jung ) - Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy

최혜원 ( Choi Hye-Won ) - Dong-A University Department of Nursing
강명숙 ( Kang Myung-Sook ) - Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions to reduce depressive or anxiety symptoms in undergraduate nursing students.

Methods: The electronic databases searched included Embase, CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceOn, KISS, and KoreaMed to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published between 2010 and 2021. A total of 18 RCTs were included in the analysis. The RCTs focused on depression (7 studies), anxiety (14 studies) and both (3 studies).

Results: Psychological interventions showed a large, significant effect (Hedges G = -1.20; 95% CI = -2.28, -0.13) and mindfulness interventions showed moderate, significant effects (Hedges G = -0.53; 95% CI = -0.78, -0.27) on decreasing depressive symptoms. Meanwhile, mindfulness interventions showed a large, significant effect (Hedges G = -1.06; 95% CI = -1.98, -0.15) and biofeedback interventions also showed a large, significant effect (Hedges G = -0.99; 95% CI = -1.33, -0.64) on decreasing anxiety symptoms.

Conclusion: Non-pharmacological interventions such as psychological, mindfulness, and biofeedback programs could be effective in alleviating depressive and anxiety symptoms in order to improve mental health among nursing students.
KeyWords
간호대학생, 우울, 불안, 체계적 문헌고찰, 메타분석
Nursing Students, Depression, Anxiety, Systematic Review, Meta-analysis
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