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여대생의 흡연실태와 흡연, 자아존중감, 우울 간의 관계연구

The article about actual state of smoking among female college students and the relationship among smoking, self-esteem, depression : some universities in Seoul

이화간호학회지 2009년 43권 1호 p.61 ~ 73
KMID : 0373820090430010061
강선아 ( Kang S.A. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학

김세은 ( Kim S.E. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
김지민 ( Kim J.M. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이미현 ( Lee M.H. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이수연 ( Lee Sue-Yeon ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이예리 ( Lee Y.L. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이현정 ( Lee H.-J. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
임나래 ( Lim N.-R. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
정민선 ( Jung M.-S. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
최보영 ( Choi B.Y. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이자형 ( Lee Ja-Hyung ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
정덕유 ( Jung Duk-Yoo ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
김현경 ( Kim Hyun-Kyoung ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학

Abstract

This study was conducted to find out the actual state of smoking among female college students, their knowledge of harmfulness of smoking and their attitude about abstinence from smoking and to analyze their reasons for starting smoking. By doing so, this study aimed to provide the preliminary data for the educational program that prevents smoking and helps smokers to quit cigarettes. Also, this study was conducted to compare the self-esteem and the propensity to depression between female smokers and female non-smokers. Before carrying out the study, the study subjects were investigated about their gender, age, living allowance, residential condition, religion, high school, and whether or not they repeated a year in their high school in order to identify the factors related to smoking. Also, in case of smokers, their smoking amount, their smoking frequency, their first experience of smoking, their attempt of quitting smoking, etc were examined to find out the state of smoking among female college students. Also, as the core aspect of this study, the relationship of self-esteem and depression with smoking was investigated. As a result, the examination of smoking’s effects on depression and self-esteem showed that the stud y subjects in the smoker group had a higher level of depression, indicating that smoking is related to the degree of depression (p-value = .017) (smoker group average: 14.75, non-smoker group average: 11.28). In the aspect of self-esteem, it was shown that the more self-esteem the subjects have, the more frequently they smoke, suggesting that whether or not people smoke is not related to the degree of their self-esteem (p-value = .017).
KeyWords
흡연, 여대생, 자아존중감, 우울
Smoking, Female college student, Self-esteem, Depression
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