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서울지역 4년제 간호대학생들의 임상실습 유,무에 따른 진로태도성숙

A Study on the Career Attitude Maturity according to the Clinical Practice Experience of the College of Nursing Students

이화간호학회지 2009년 43권 1호 p.41 ~ 50
KMID : 0373820090430010041
권혜진 ( Kwon H.J. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학

김보람 ( Kim Bo-Ram ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
김소연 ( Kim S.-Y. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
김수임 ( Kim S.I. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
성정아 ( Sung J.A. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
윤서진 ( Yoon S.J. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
신영미 ( Shin Y.M. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이경진 ( Lee K.J. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
홍영선 ( Hong Y.S. ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
이자형 ( Lee Ja-Hyung ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
정덕유 ( Jung Duk-Yoo ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학
신혜원 ( Shin Hye-Won ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the differences in the degrees of career attitude maturity according to the clinical practice experience of the college of nursing students. The convenience sample was 275 students attending the college of nursing in Seoul. Data was obtained through a questionnaire from December 1st to 12th, 2008. The instrument used to measure the career attitude maturity in this study was "A barometer of maturity in career attitudes" developed by Ki-hak, Lee(1997). The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chronbach’s alpha, t-test and ANOVA with the SPSS 16.0 program. Below is the result of this study. 1. The average score for career attitude maturity of nursing students who experienced clinical practices was 135.56(±12.17): higher than the average score of inexperienced students, 134.37(±12.44). However it could not show meaningful differences in the statistics(F=-.805, p=.422). 2. Determinacy, one of five subordinate concepts of career attitude maturity, was statistically significative. On average, the group comprised of students with clinical practices scored 27.60(±3.81): higher than that of unpracticed students, 26.63(±4.26)(F=-1.976, p=.049). 3. The more academic years they have, except for junior year students, the points of career attitude maturity relative to general characteristics were increasingly higher. The points were 132.60(±11.99) for freshmen, 135.93(±12.72) for sophomores, 133.50(±12.57) for juniors and 138.11(±11.24) for seniors(F=2.714, p=.045). 4. According to the age of the group, the grade of career attitude maturity became higher. The scores were 133.21(±12.34) for 18-19yrs., 134.05(±12.16) for 20-22yrs., 138.43(±10.96) for 23-26yrs. and 148.71(±12.76) for 27-32yrs. (F=5.118, p=.002).
5. The average total score for career attitude maturity of nursing students was 135.00(±12.30). Of the five subdivisions―readiness, conviction, determinacy, independence and finality― readiness demonstrated the highest result with 32.33(±4.46) followed by conviction, determinacy, independence and finality respectively. Based on the results, there are some proposals for further researches. As this research was only for college of nursing in Seoul, it is necessary to compare career attitude maturity with 3-year colleges and other departments. In addition, alongside clinical practices there is a growing need to develop programs that will not only provide guidelines but also prepare students for the maturity of their career attitude.
KeyWords
진로태도성숙, 간호대 학생, 임상실습
Career attitude maturity, College of nursing students, Clinical practice experience
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