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성인지적 성건강의 융복합적 모형개발: 성인지 지표에 기반한 Sustainable Development Goals 국가와 북한과의 비교 연구

Development of Gender-Sensitive Comprehensive Health Matrix: A Comparative Study on the Cases of Sustainable Development Goals Countries and North Korea Based on Gender-Sensitive Indicators

한국모자보건학회지 2020년 24권 1호 p.40 ~ 51
KMID : 0892720200240010040
방유림 ( Bang Yoo-Rim ) - 이화여자대학교 국제대학원

곽영린 ( Kwag Young-Rin ) - 이화여자대학교 직업환경의학과
김은미 ( Kim Eun-Mee ) - 이화여자대학교 국제대학원
하은희 ( Ha Eun-Hee ) - 이화여자대학교 직업환경의학과
권오란 ( Kwon O-Ran ) - 이화여자대학교 식품영양학과
김혜순 ( Kim Hae-Soon ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학
김석향 ( Kim Seok-Hyang ) - 이화여자대학교 북한학과
김미주 ( Kim Mi-Ju ) - 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원
김은실 ( Kim Eun-Shil ) - 이화여자대학교 여성학과
한재진 ( Han Jae-Jin ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 흉곽내과
정구영 ( Jung Koo-Yung ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 응급의학과
하헌주 ( Ha Hun-Joo ) - 이화여자대학교 약학대학 약학과

Abstract

Purpose: South Korea ranked 18th out of the 162 participating countries in the 2019 report on sustainable development goals (SDGs). Among the 17 specified goals, it has the most difficulty in achieving gender equality (SDG 5). This shortcoming is manifested in the lack of studies on gender-sensitive indicators. The study aims to establish the significance of the development of a comprehensive health matrix to concretize the concept of gender-sensitivity which is often considered as abstract.

Methods: An integrated analysis of health determinants was conducted through a convergence study involving medical, social and natural sciences. This analysis was based on both literature reviews and focusgroup discussions. The 6 following focal points were chosen based on the SDGs: gender equality, medicine, education, economy, nutrition, and environment. Objective quantitative indicators were then designated to each of the 6 areas and comparatively analyzed for South Korea, North Korea, and the other SDGs countries. Four areas on sexual and reproductive health were also selected.

Results: The results indicated that South Korea scored much lower than North Korea and the other SDGs countries in terms of gender equality. It was also behind North Korea in education, although North Korea had a comparatively lower ranking in the rest of the areas. On the other hand, it fared better than the aforementioned countries with respect to environment, nutrition, medicine, and economy.

Conclusion: A comprehensive gender-sensitive health matrix was developed to refine the abstract concept of gender-sensitivity through objective quantitative indicators that assess the health status of a country by means of a scoring system. Gender equality was also confirmed as a common and significant component in the disciplines of sexual and reproductive health and comprehensive health.
KeyWords

Comprehensive health, South Korea, North Korea, Gender-sensitive, Gender and health, Gender equality
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